23 Nov 2018
African Wild Dog (Lycaon Pictus)
Scientific name: Lycaon pictus
Common name: African Wild Dog, Painted Hunting Dog, Painted Wolf
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Status: Endangered C2a(i) ver 3.1
Population estimate (in the wild): 6000
Approximate number of mature individuals: 1409
Population trend: Decreasing
African Wild Dogs (also known as Painted Dogs or Painted Wolves) are the second most endangered carnivore in Africa. In South Africa, we have fewer than 550 roaming our wild spaces and only 39 distinct sub-populations left in Africa. African wild dogs need massive areas to support themselves and for populations to be genetically diverse and sustainable.
Due to their endangered status, African Wild Dogs are our focal species which the majority of our conservation efforts are based around. Our intensive monitoring of African Wild Dogs is done 365 days a year. Our ultimate goal is to reintroduce painted dogs successfully back into their historical ranges and ensure the protection of the population into the future.
Wildlife ACT’s Work with Wild Dogs
RESERVES : Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, uMkhuze Game Reserve, Tembe Elephant Park, Somkhanda Game Reserve and Manyoni Private Game Reserve.
- Day-to-day monitoring of the entire KwaZulu-Natal population, with 5 dedicated monitoring teams looking out for wild dog in KZN. Volunteers are able to join these monitoring teams and participate in all the necessary conservation work. Find out more
- Funding and fitting VHF and GPS Satellite Collars for understanding the detailed distribution and success of the KZN population. Our ultimate goal is to collar each and every Painted Dog pack in South Africa.
- Funding and fitting Anti-Snare Collars to reduce the number of wild dogs caught as bycatch. These are proving very successful with reducing injuries and fatalities.
- We have established a Rapid Emergency Response Fund and team to find and retrieve wild dogs outside of protected areas in KZN.
- We are responsible for the funding within the KZN Wild dog Advisory Group – a provincial advisory group bringing together a government conservation bodies, private and community-owned reserves, leading conservation NGOs and wild dog specialists.
- We are currently helping with the reintroduction of new populations into protected areas within KZN.
- Our collars and tracking equipment not only helps us find the dogs daily, but also give a trapped animal caught in a snare a fighting chance of survival.
Endangered with many sub-populations continuing to decline.
African wild dogs have disappeared from much of their former range. Their population is currently estimated at approximately 6,600 adults in 39 subpopulations, of which only 1,400 are mature individuals. Population size is continuing to decline as a result of ongoing habitat fragmentation, conflict with human activities, and infectious disease. Given uncertainty surrounding population estimates, and the species’ tendency to population fluctuations, the largest sub-populations might well number <250 mature individuals, thereby warranting listing as Endangered under criterion C2a(i).(IUCN)
The causes of African wild dogs’ decline are reasonably well understood and include extreme sensitivity to habitat fragmentation as a consequence of wide-ranging behaviour, conflict with livestock and game farmers, accidental killings by snares and road accidents, and infectious disease. All of these causes are associated with human encroachment on African wild dog habitat, and as such, have not ceased and are unlikely to be reversible across the majority of the species’ historical range. (IUCN)
Interesting Wild Dog Facts
- Its scientific name means Painted Wolf. Common names include African Wild Dog and African Hunting Dog.
- Packs of wild dog have an alpha male and alpha female. The alpha pair is generally the only pair that breeds, but the entire pack shares responsibility for protecting the pups, with both males and females babysitting the young.
- The alpha female can give birth to litters of 15 puppies or more.
- Wild Dogs have incredible endurance – being able to run at roughly 48km/h for 5km
- Wild dog prey can weigh anywhere from 2x to 10x more than their own body weight.
- African Wild Dogs primarily prey on large mammals such as Warthogs and numerous antelope species (especially Nyala), supplementing their diet with rodents, lizards, birds and insects.
- Unlike other dogs, African wild dogs have four toes instead of five.